The Indian history goes back to 1700 BC commencing with the Indus Valley Civilization. North-western part of Indian sub-continent is considered as hub of Indus valley civilization.
The glorious saga of Indian history can be understood by dividing it into three ages of Bronze Age civilization, the Iron Age Vedic period and Golden age of India.
The Golden age was a fertile ground for powerful kingdoms, the likes of which include, Gupta Empire, Chalukyas, Cholas, Pallavas and Pandyas etc. This period also saw spread of Hinduism and Buddhism in south-east Asia.
The fascinating Indian history boasts of giving us great scholars and monks like Mahavira and Gautama Buddha.
Buddhism originated in India and thereafter it spread world over. Founded by Siddharth Gautama, a prince who deserted his kingdom in search of the meaning of life, Buddhism practices the virtues of non-violence and simple living. Gautama Buddha watered down the culture of caste system and priesthood.
Lord Mahavira founded Jainism and emphasized upon seeking the ultimate truth.
Harappan civilization was primarily an agriculture based society which conceived long distance trade system and urban development structure.
India’s rich cultural diversity stems from its ability to accommodate different religions and assorted beliefs. Buddhism, Jainism, Islam are all intrinsic part of India’s value systems. Islam first arrived in India in 8th century and with the arrival of Mughal Empire, it spread all over India.
Mughal rulers were of immense help in strengthening traditional Indian art and architecture culture.
Mid-18th century witnessed increasing hold of British East India Company and famous Indian Uprising of 1857.
British ruled India for centuries but they are also credited to build infra-structural facilities in India and introducing modern technologies including postal service, railway network and industrial establishment.
After years of struggle, Indian won independence in 1947.
Indian history possesses unique mixture of social and economic structure that comes from a long and complex historical journey.
Indian history is a far deeper subject that can be understood only after a comprehensive and profound study of the history of India.