How fast is India Growing
The population clock in the Union Health Ministry, Nirman Bhavan, New Delhi, now ticks at the rate of 31 persons per minute. The clock shows that about 44,640 babies are born in India everyday. Hence the population of India increases by 16.29 million every year, which is equivalent to the total population of Australia. Here are some more facts about our motherland.
The present population of India is around 1.4 Billion (1400 Million).
The billionth baby is a girl. Her name is ASTHA (which means Faith). Her mother's name is Anjana Arora, and her father's name is Ashok Kumar Arora. She was born in Delhi at Saftharjung Hospital at 5.50 a.m. on Thursday, May 11, 2000.
India with about 2.4% of the land area in the world contains about 16% of the population of the world.
Est Current Indian Population : 1,147,995,904 (July 2008 est.)
Population explosion: This monster is eating up into the success of India. According to 2001 census of India, population of India in 2001 was 1,028,610,328, growing at a rate of 2.11% approx. Such a vast population puts lots of stress on economic infrastructure of the nation. Thus India has to control its burgeoning population.
India’s population like its culture and topography is remarkably diverse. The country has more than two thousand ethnic groups. There are more than two hundred spoken languages in India. The diversity is also lent by the social parameters such as income and education. The standard of living and the quality of life especially those of women remains poor compared to that of people in developed nations. Because of the Indian population problem, the progress of the country is hindered.
Strict family planning measures have been implemented by the government of India to control the population explosion. Unemployment is the result of over-population. The unemployment rate in India is 7.8%. However with globalization, privatization and liberalization problems of unemployment have been solved to certain extent.
Scheduled castes and tribes are also a part of the population of India.
Scheduled castes amount to16.2% and scheduled tribes amount to 8.2% as per the 2001 Census. There are reservations for these special category people as they belong to the backward class and off late the increase in this quota has created a lot of controversy in the country.
The greatest number of tribal people live in Orissa. However, the populations of states in the northeast has the greatest concentrations of scheduled tribe members. 31 % of the population of Tripura, 34 %of Manipur, 64 % of Arunachal Pradesh, 86 % of Meghalaya, 88 % of Nagaland, and 95 %of Mizoram belong to the Scheduled Tribe.
Though indian population is seen as a hurdle along its progress, it is also a power for India. No other country has such human capital and it truly makes India what it is rightly called as a ‘Young Nation’ emerging as a global power.