QLACs provide guaranteed income later in life.
rules provide exception to Required Minimum Distributions.
With the goal of promoting guaranteed income later in life, regulatory changes have provided increased flexibility as to how qualified assets may be distributed. This is a significant advantage for millions of Americans who are planning for, or are already in, retirement. The changes to the regulations under Internal Revenue Code section 401(a)(9) allow individuals to defer the distribution of a portion of their qualified assets beyond age 70½ through the purchase of a Qualifying Longevity Annuity Contract (QLAC).
Generally, the new rules provide an exception to required minimum distributions (RMDs) by allowing a QLAC to start making payments as late as age 85, meaning people can defer paying taxes on money that they may not need in early retirement. This is big news for those who have been taking RMDs because they have to, not because they want to.
A QLAC can provide more flexibility for your retirement planning by allowing you to better match your retirement income to your needs, and by giving you the ability to control when taxes will be paid on your qualified assets. A QLAC will also ensure that you will not outlive your money, because as an annuity it provides guaranteed income for life.
There are some limitations to QLACs that you should know. Most important, there is a cap on how much of your qualified money you can put into a QLAC. Contributions are currently limited to the lesser of $130,000 (2018) or 25% of the owner's qualified account balances, less previous QLAC contributions. The 25% limit applies on a plan-by-plan basis and to IRAs on an aggregate basis. Also, QLACs can only be established through a deferred income annuity with no liquidity features.
Other important rules you should be aware of.
- Eligible accounts include 401(a), 401(k), 403(b), governmental 457(b), or IRA.
- Income payments must begin no later than the first day of the month following the owner's attained age 85th birthday.
- The contract must state from inception that it is intended to be a QLAC.
- Once income starts, the payments must satisfy RMD rules.
- The contract cannot have any cash-surrender value or commutation benefit.
A QLAC can be a powerful tool for those who want more control of how and when they start taking money out of their qualified retirement accounts. With people living longer than ever before, the government has taken an important step in allowing people to have more flexibility with regard to their retirement assets. This is an opportunity that should be a serious consideration for many people nearing, or even in, retirement.
You should obtain advice specific to your circumstances from your own legal, accounting, and tax advisors. New York Life does not provide legal, accounting, or tax advice.